70-282 exam cram — Legacy server upgrades [Microsoft Small Business Specialist Primer book excerpt]

Hello there loyal readers – I am the publisher for the above title and this book is all about the 70-282 exam. I like to post up passages as my virtual book reading. It’s all about helpign the community!

Migrating from Small Business Server 2000, Small Business Server 4.5, or NT 4.0 Server to Windows Small Business Server 2003

Migrating (versus upgrading) will involve moving the entire SBS installation from the source (old) server to the destination (new) server. A migration, generally referred to as a painful process, exposes large amounts of useless and irrelevant data that has been hanging around for eons. If you already have an existing network infrastructure in place, don’t want to interrupt the flow of


Chapter 5Installing Windows Small Business Server 2003

business or upset end-users, but still continue with identical operations after moving to new hardware, a migration is the only way to go.

There are slight differences between migrating from an SBS 2000 domain (already has Active Directory) and migrating from SBS 4.5 or an NT 4.0 server (no Active Directory). The procedures follow the same logical steps, and we will point out the differences on the way.

Preparing for the Migration

To have a successful migration from Windows Small Business Server 2000 to SBS 2003, Small Business Server 4.5 or an NT 4.0 Server, on the source server you should first:

·                       Record all information on the source and destination servers.

·                       Record the location of any shared folders.

·                       Record the line-of-business (LOB) data location.

·                       Record general user data that is not located in a shared folder.

·                       Record POP3 mailbox account information – has to be reconfigured on the destination server.

·                       Ensure SBS 4.5 and NT 4.0 servers run SP6a.

1. If running Exchange 5.5. or 2000:

·                  Record distribution lists.

·                  Record Custom recipients.

·                  Record Public folder custom permissions.

·                  Export public folders to .pst files.

·                  Export the administrator account mailbox and rules.

2.              If running SQL 7.0, check the SQL version number 7.00.1063 and make sure SP4 is installed.

3.              Record custom server setting for:

·                  SMTP connector.

·                  DHCP scope options.

·                  DNS records.


·       RRAS service settings.

·                                          GPOs.

·                                          ISA settings.

·                                          Custom IIS websites.

4.      Verify that hardware drivers and software are supported.

5.      Ensure the source server is running the latest service packs.

6.      Do a full system backup on the source server including system state and Exchange

7.      Back up and create an ERD (Emergency Repair Disk) for SBS 4.5 and NT 4.0 Server.

Carefully heed the following section and its words of wisdom . You should be aware that the migration has a high probability rate for failure if you don’t follow the rules listed below, starting with:

·                     The source and destination servers must have different internal DNS
and NetBIOS names . This does not affect your external DNS name.

·                     The source and destination server computer name must be differ­ent . Beware of client PCs using UNC paths; ensure you remove any references to the source server on the client machines.

·                     The DHCP service on the source server must be disabled . The DHCP service must be running on the destination server, so therefore you must disable the source server’s DHCP service to avoid conten­tion between them.

·          Use the Active Directory Migration Tool (ADMT) to migrate user, group, and computer accounts. This will preserve the SIDs (Security Identifiers).

·          Use the Exchange Migration Wizard . The Exchange Migration Wizard is the successor to ExMerge and a more simplified and reli­able method of moving mailboxes. Beware it does not export mailbox rules or migrate the administrator account mailbox or rules on public folders. (You could use ExMerge to export public folders and the administrator account.)


Chapter 5Installing Windows Small Business Server 2003

·           Custom server settings must be configured manually on the destina­tion server:

o SMTP connector

o DHCP scope options

o DNS records

o RRAS service settings

o GPOs

o ISA settings

o Custom IIS website settings

·                     Create DNS forwarders on the source and destination server . ADMT requires those to work with the source and destination servers.

Okay, so the good news is that desktop profiles on Windows 2000 and Windows XP machines are preserved during the migration. Yeah!

IMPORTANT: Ensure that user folders to not exceed 1 GB. Disk quotas are enabled by default on the partition where the users’ shared folder is located. While in the real world you might know of ways to work around this disk quota matter, accept this as GOSPEL on the 70-282 exam.

cheers….harrybbbb

Harry Brelsford, CEO at SMB Nation (www.smbnation.com)

MBA, MCSE, CNE, CLSE, CNP, MCP, MCT, SBSC (Microsoft Small Business Specialist)

PS – did you know my Windows Small Business Server 2008 (SBS 2008) book is almost here? Yes!

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