Connect To The Internet: SBS 2003 To Do List [book excerpt]

howdy y’all – I am harry brelsford, author of Windows Small Business Server 2003 Best PRactices and the CEO of SMB Nation (www.smbnation.com).

I am posting up a few pages per day of my book until SBS 2008 ships!

Today we work further into the Connect to the Internet option on the SBS 2003 To Do List.

cheers….harrybbbb

PS – did I forget to mention we have a three-day conference in Seattle this October featuring SBS 2008? 🙂

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Connect to the Internet

Continuing our way down the list, we actually have to “pause” on the list in the case of SPRINGERS, because we have a second network adapter card installed on our server machine that needs to be configured. You’ll recall that two network adapter cards were present back when you installed SBS 2003 in Chapter 3. To configure the network adapter card, before continuing with the Connect to the Internet link, please perform the following tasks.

1                    Log on as Administrator on SPRINGERS1 with the password Husky9999! and click the Start button.

2                    Click Control Panel, Network Connections and select Network Connection. This is the second network adapter card because the primary local network adapter card is called Server Local Area Con­nection by default. A Network Connection box will appear inform­ing you the card is being enabled.

3                    When notified by another Network Connection dialog box that the network adapter card can be configured by the E-mail and Internet Connection Wizard, click Cancel to not launch such a wizard, and allow the network adapter card to be configured manually.

 

BEST PRACTICE: So exactly what gives in Step #3 immediately above? Here’s the deal. If you click Yes in the prior step, the E-mail and Internet Connection Wizard starts as you would expect. Then, when you get to the fourth screen of said wizard, the darn second network adapter card has been automatically enabled to receive its IP address dynamically. Truth be told by me to you, but it’s unlikely in most cases that you’d want to acquire your IP address dynamically on the wild-side NIC (aka second network adapter card). Rather, you are far more likely to input a static IP address that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) gave to you for use on your SBS 2003 network. And that’s the scoop, mates!

4.         This is where the strange get weird. You’ve clicked Cancel, which killed the process underway from the steps above. Please repeat Step #2 again to select the Network Connection from the Network

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Connections option in Control Panel. The Network Connection Status dialog box will appear.

1                    Click Properties. Network Connection Properties will appear.

2                    Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.

3                    Complete the General tab of the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Prop­erties sheet to reflect the following information (as shown in Figure 4-4). IP address is 207.202.238.215, Subnet Mask address is

 

255.255.255.0 and the Default Gateway address is 207.202.238.1. Make the Preferred DNS server 209.20.130.35 and make the Alter­nate DNS server 209.20.130.33. Click OK.

Figure 4-4

Correctly configuring the second network adapter card for the SPRINGERS SBS network.

Note on page 4-21 I will explain how the Preferred DNS server field is reset to

192.168.16.2 by the EICW overriding your settings in Step #7 above.

8.         Click Close twice (to return to your desktop).

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It’s now time to configure the e-mail and Internet connectivity capabilities in SBS 2003. Perform the following:

1                    Click Connect to the Internet from the To Do List in Server Management.

2                    The Welcome to the Configure E-mail and Internet Connection Wizard page appears. Take a moment to read about the information that is required to complete this wizard by clicking on the Required Information for Connecting to the Internet link (then close the help screen that appears). Click Next.

3                    On the Connection Type screen, select Broadband and click Next as seen in Figure 4-5.

 

Figure 4-5

Select the Broadband choice on the Connection Type screen.

1                    Select A direct broadband connection beneath My server uses: on the Broadband Connection page. Click Next. See Figure 4-6.

2                    On the Network Connection page that appears, confirm that the ISP network connection reflects Network Connection with the IP address

 

of 207.202.238.215. Confirm the Local area network connection re­flects the IP address of 192.168.16.2. This is shown in Figure 4-7. Click Next.

Figure 4-6

You will select a direct broadband connection for SPRINGERS.

Notes:

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Figure 4-7

Take an extra moment to confirm your page looks like this figure. This is where you define the local area network connection (the “inside”) and the outside Internet network connection (the “wild side”).

6. The Direct Broadband Connection page appears. Confirm your screen looks similar to Figure 4-8 and click Next.

Notes:

Figure 4-8

The bottom three fields are editable on the Direct Broadband Connection page.

BEST PRACTICE: So even though my advanced SBS 2003 book won’t be out until mid-2004, a few gurus are reading this book and might ask this question after reviewing the Direct Broadband Connection page in the EICW: “Why do you accept the ISP DNS IP address settings and not point it back to 192.168.16.2 to utilize the DNS service in SBS 2003 as a well-known TechNet article states?” The same question was asked by an angry student whom we’ll call Jeff in Dallas, Texas, at a late-September 2003 SBS 2003 hands-on lab. Turns out Jeff thought he was being duped by the EICW because he wanted to point the wild-side NCI cards back to the DNS of

192.168.16.2. Fair enough. But Jeff, you might be surprised to know that the EICW does this internal referral thingy after running, because it’s the darn EICW that configures the DNS in SBS for forwarding out to the ISP’s DNS servers.

 Visit http://www.microsoft.com/technet for the latest updates for any Microsoft product.

 

1                    Select Enable firewall on the Firewall page and Click Next.

2                    On the Services Configuration page, select E-mail, Virtual Pri­vate Networking (VPN) and Terminal Services, and FTP. This is part of the SPRINGERS methodology and something you might not do for every customer site in the real world. Your screen should look similar to Figure 4-9. Click Next.

 

BEST PRACTICE: When you select the VPN-related checkbox, you’ll receive a notice that the server is not configured for remote access through VPN. You will further be advised that you’ll need to run the Remote Access Wizard in order to do this. This message is normal, helpful, and actually points to the very next link on the To Do List that you and I will complete for SPRINGERS in the next section.

Figure 4-9

Selecting what services will be accessible via the Internet.

The Web Services Configuration page appears. This is where you’ll select which Web services are externally accessible. In the case of SPRINGERS, we’ll select the radio button titled Allow access to only

 

the following Web site services from the Internet and select every­thing EXCEPT Business Web site (wwwroot) and click Next. This has effectively selected all of the checkboxes you see in Figure 4-10.

Figure 4-10

Completing the Web Services Configuration page.

BEST PRACTICE: Call it a case of Miami madness or “mean season” malfeasance, but there I was delivering the SBS 2003 hands-on lab in Miami, Florida in early October 2003 and being blamed by a student that an exercise involving Remote Web Workplace didn’t work. How could this be? If you look closely in Figure 4-10, the default settings on the Web Services Configuration page include the Outlook Web Access and the Remote Web Workplace screen. What gives here?

The student didn’t append the URL with /remote. You’ll learn more in Chapters 8 and 10 on this topic.

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And now for the rest of the story. Microsoft and I agree that you do not want to expose your root page to the Internet – EVER – unless you are going to host a Web site. Because the SPRINGERS methodology does not include Web site hosting, you’ve made the correct selections in Figure 4-10.

 

10.       Approve the dialog box that advises you that the site will be acces­sible via the Internet. To do this, click Yes.

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